Industry 4.0 - trexDCAS

Industry 1.0 to 4.0

►  Application of Mechanical Production Facilities (18th Century)

  • 1712 Steam Makininin Sevdiği

►  Serial Production Based on Electricity and Work Department

  • (19th century) 1840 Telegraph and 1880 Telephone Inventions
  • 1920 Taylorism (Scientific management)

►  Automation of Production Processes (20th Century)

  • 1971 First microcomputer (Altair 8800)
  • 1976 Apple I (S. Jobs and S. Wozniak)

►  Autonomous Machines and Virtual Environments (21st Century)

  • 1988 AutoIDLab. (MYTH)
  • 2000 Internet of Objects
  • 2010 Cellular Transportation System
  • 2020 Autonomic Interaction and Virtualization

Structure of Industry 4.0

 

Industry 4.0 is a collective body of concepts of  technology and value chain organizations. It is based on the concept of cyber-physical systems, the objects, the internet and the internet of services. This structure contributes greatly to the formation of the vision of smart factories. Industry 4.0  consists of the following 3 structures in general.

  • Internet of Objects (IoT)
  • Services Internet
  • Cyber-Physical Systems

With industry 4.0  , modular intelligent factories are aimed at tracking physical processes with cyber-physical systems, creating a virtual copy of the physical world, and making decentralized decisions. The Internet of objects and cyber-physical systems will be able to communicate in real time with each other and with people in cooperation. Both internal and cross-organizational services will be provided through the services’ internet and will be evaluated by users of the value chain.

Principles of Industry 4.0

Industry 4.0 is based on 6 principles.

1) Interoperability:  Ciber includes the ability of people and smart factories to communicate with each other through the Internet of objects and the ability of physical systems (eg workpiece carriers, assembly stations and products) to communicate with each other.

2) Virtualization:  This is a virtual copy of intelligent factories. The system consists of connecting sensor data with virtual plant and simulation models.

3) Self-government: The  ability of cyber-physical systems to make their own decisions within smart factories.

4) Real-Time Ability: Ability  to collect and analyze data. This structure enables quick understanding.

5) Service Orientation:  Cyber-physical systems, people and intelligent factory services are offered via the Internet.

6) Modularity:  Provides a smart factory flexible adaptation system for the changing requirements of individual modules.

Applicability of the Industry 4.0 System

Production in the Industry 4.0 system is likened to a system in which machines serve and share information in real time with products. For example, they use soap bottles to show how products and manufacturing machines can communicate with each other. Empty soap bottles have radio frequency identification (RFID) tags on them that allow the machines to identify the color of the bottles. Thanks to this system, it is possible to store the information that a product transmits with radio signals in digital environment from the beginning of production. It emerges as a cyber-physical system in this way.

Advantages of Industry 4.0

  •  Facilitating system monitoring and diagnostics
  •  Self-awareness of systems and components
  •  The system is environmentally friendly and sustainable through resource saving behaviors
  •  Greater efficiency
  •  Increase flexibility in production
  •  Cost reduction
  •  Development of new service and business models